Buyer Personas: Goals and Challenges

The second part of the Buyer Persona I’m developing to help shape my work is “Goals and Challenges.” What are my customer’s goals? “Making more money” is a goal, true, but it’s everyone’s goal, so I’ll leave that out. What do they need to improve to get more attention and more serious buyers, which will in turn lead to more money?


I’ve heard more than one client say, “You say it better than I could,” and a few have even said my handwriting is better, or typing is faster. Goal: The client knows what he wants to say, but not how to say it in the best way.

A lot of my writing is a starting point, where I create the content after discussing with the client about what they want to communicate. Many times, I am given notes, when the client isn’t sure of what they really want to say. They have a half-formed concept, and need to see it on paper or on screen before they can go any further. I put the ideas together in a way that makes sense, then the client goes back and edits it, adding to their original thoughts here, revising the concept there. Goal: The client needs someone to get their ideas organized and transcribed.

Some of my writing (and certainly what I try to do for myself) is more like marketing, where I am not only trying to explain a complex topic simply and comprehensively, but also encouraging people to learn more about it after reading what I’ve written. That has to do with the inbound marketing process: Hubspot calls it Attract-Convert-Close-Delight. At this point, I’m still mostly on the “attract” phase. That’s the next step for me, being more visible and easy to access online. What I do for others I can do for myself, too. But that will be the topic of a future post. For now, the goal is: The client needs to attract more buyers or at least “evangelists” for their product or service.

Three Goals:

  1. The client knows what he wants to say, but not how to say it in the best way.
  2. The client needs someone to get their ideas organized and transcribed.
  3. The client needs to attract more buyers or at least “evangelists” for their product or service.


The goals can also be worded as challenges (for example, “Challenge: The client has a lot of ideas but doesn’t know how to organize them”). But let’s instead keep it separate. The biggest challenge for someone with no name recognition and not a lot of presence is building on what little presence there is until a “tipping point” is reached, and a path to success takes shape. Usually, if there’s no presence there’s no money, so that’s the place to start. Challenge: The client has no money to spend on marketing or writing.

Another suggestion by social media experts is to find a niche, a particular subject you’re interested in, and just focus on that. One strategy is to find the niches that are most desired and will therefore pay most. Another is to start with an idea, and figure out the best way to discuss that idea. “Writing” is too broad. “Writing about writing” is still too broad. “Writing about developing a buyer persona” is more focused, but a way to be even more specific is writing about a particular buyer persona — the one I’m working on here. Challenge: The client needs to find a niche.

Even if a client does find a niche, it won’t be unique. There are 7.5 billion people on Earth, and though only a fraction of those use the Internet, and an even smaller fraction are promoting themselves and their products or services, there’s still a lot of competition. So, what can be done to stand out from a crowd? The easy answer is to “go viral,” have a strange or funny video or message that attracts an unusual amount of attention all at once. Most of that will fall away after the next viral hit comes along, but some will remain. You can’t manufacture something viral (that’s kind of the point, though businesses do try). So, it’s better to be consistently unusual. Challenge: The client needs to stand out and “go viral,” if possible.

Three Challenges:

  1. The client has no money to spend on marketing or writing.
  2. The client needs to find a niche.
  3. The client needs to stand out and “go viral,” if possible.

Three goals and three challenges; six new avenues for me to explore with my clients. I’ll dig in to each one soon, as I develop my buyer persona.

What are your ideal client’s goals and challenges?

Buyer Personas: Getting Into The Rhythm (Again)

Domino Writing Logo

It’s been several months — nearly a school year — since I last wrote on this blog. I’m still writing elsewhere, like the magazines that I work on and some grant proposals, and other blogs you can see on the sidebar. But haven’t written here lately. Why not?

Partly it’s because I’m saying what I have to say on those other sites. I’m discussing activities and issues here in southwest Michigan in print, and expressing my “social” side with gaming content and writing about pop culture. So I think the blog is a place for me to discover my target audience and talk about how I can develop it.

Buyer Personas

I’m borrowing this idea of a target audience or a buyer persona from a lot of places, but mostly this one. A buyer persona is a summary of the perfect person to buy your product (or in my case, use my writing services), including everything from demographics to what they’re afraid of. The recommendation is to draw from your existing pool of clients/customers to see what they’re like. But I don’t have any clients, so let’s start from scratch (ok, to be completely accurate I do have a few “clients” in the form of the magazines I write for, but it’s not enough to use as a reference point).

Our reference tool suggests five sections of a buyer persona:

  1. Demographics (age, current job)
  2. Goals and Challenges
  3. Values and Fears
  4. Marketing Message
  5. Elevator Pitch

We’ll look at them one by one, in the course of putting together a buyer persona that I should seek out. Is that for a “buyer” who is an editor who pays for writing? Is that for a “buyer” who is reading my writing? Is that for a “buyer” who is simply someone to add to my not-very-big-right-now social media circle? Good question; maybe that’s something I’ll be able to answer as I put the persona together.


Age: The kind of person I expect is “consuming” my “content” (writing, probably podcasts and videos soon) is probably like me, perhaps a little older (in the case of magazine articles) or younger (in the case of game creations). Both genders, though tabletop gaming, especially violent or “crunchy,” rules-heavy, games lean toward males.

Well, here’s something to consider already: USR, a rules-light roleplaying game, can be used for games with less emphasis on combat and special abilities, and more on conversation.

Location: my writing is for local publications in the southwest Michigan area. That’s a good start, though obviously this is the Internet and writing can be from and about anywhere on the planet. Are there web publications that need a writer? I know of some, and more research is needed to find out which ones.

Employment: Obviously one set of employers I want to attract is publishers and editors, the people in charge of magazines, newspapers (such as they are) and blogs. Writing is also more than journalism, and writing copy for advertisers or marketing firms is another option. Let’s add them to the list too.

Improving The Site: What You Should See

Whew! A month (more) has passed since I last updated this blog here on the site. I am writing content other places but here, not as much. I do post updates whenever I have a new article published in one of the magazines I write for; it’s a great way to meet people locally, and I know it has a “long tail” — I’ll be the only one writing about Common Ground Church in Kalamazoo (unfortunately, it closed its doors this summer), for future historians to look back on.

It’s a place for both my work and my hobbies: I think both should be together, since both are part of who I am. It could use some touch-ups, though, so I’ll be working on that next. More activity coming for the site as I determine what it is I want to see here.

  • A simple list of articles and game material, with a little animation to make it more visually interesting
  • A regularly updated blog featuring updates on what I’m working on
  • More outbound links and suggested sites

This is all very straightforward, simple stuff, if you have any experience with web design. But it’s easy to overlook if you haven’t paid any attention to your own site… which is what is happening to me.